The Nobel Peace Prize
Alfred Bernhard Nobel (October 21, 1833 – December 10, 1896)
Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, armaments manufacturer and the
inventor of dynamite. When he wrote his last will in 1895, he left much of
his enormous wealth for the establishment of the Nobel Prizes. Since
1901, the prize has honored men and women for their outstanding
achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and for
work in peace.