Archive for the 'Railroad' Category

LAST SPIKE DRIVEN ON THIS DAY IN 1869

On May 10, 1869, the presidents of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific
railroads met in Promontory, Utah, and drive a ceremonial last spike
into
a rail line that connects their railroads. This made
transcontinental railroad
travel possible for the first time in U.S. history. No longer would western-
bound travelers need to take the long and dangerous journey by wagon

train, and the West would surely lose some of its wild charm with the new
connection to the civilized East.


                       
                      The original "golden spike", on display 
                      at the Cantor Arts Museum at
Stanford
                        
University
.
                            

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GOVERNMENT CONTROL OF RAILROADS, 1917

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Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924)

Eight months after the United States enters World War I on behalf of the Allies, President Woodrow Wilson (above) announced the nationalization of a large majority of the country’s railroads under the Federal Possession and Control
Act.

The U.S. entry into the war in April 1917 coincided with a downturn in the
fortunes of the nation’s railroads: rising taxes and operations costs,
combined with prices that were fixed by law, had pushed many railroad
companies into receivership as early as late 1915. A year later, in a last-
minute bill passed through Congress, Wilson had forced the railroad
management to accept union demands for an eight-hour work day. Still,
many skilled workers were leaving the cash-poor railroads to work in the
booming armaments industry or to enlist in the war effort.

By the end of 1917, it seemed that the existing railroad system was not up
to the task of supporting the war effort and Wilson decided on nationalization.

Two days after his announcement, the U.S. Railroad Administration (USRA)
seized control. William McAdoo, Wilson’s secretary of the treasury, was 
appointed Director General of Railroads. They were subsequently divided
into three divisions—East, West and South. Passenger services were
streamlined, eliminating a significant amount of inessential travel. Over
100,000 new railroad cars and 1,930 steam engines were ordered–designed
to the latest standards–at a total cost of $380 million.

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HISTORY WAS MADE ON THIS DAY

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SANDY KOZEL

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Bono (Paul David Hewson) is 59 years old today.

The Irish born singer-songwriter is best known as the lead
vocalist and primary lyricist of the rock band U2.

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RECAPPING PAST WORLD NEWS

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SANDY KOZEL

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Central Pacific and Union Pacific Rail Roads meet in Promontory, UT. 
on this day in 1869. A golden spike was driven in the rail during the      
celebration of the first transcontinental railroad in the
U.S.

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The Nazis staged massive public book burnings in Germany on this
day in 1933. The books targeted for burning were those viewed as
being subversive or representing ideologies opposed to Nazism
.

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On this day in 1941, Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler’s deputy, parachuted
into Scotland on what he claimed was a peace mission.

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Allied military and locals pose with the remains of Rudolph Hess’ Messerschmitt ME-110 after it crash-landed near the Scottish
village of Eaglesham.

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Nelson Mandela made history by becoming the first black president
of South Africa
after more than three centuries of white rule. He was sworn in to office on this day in 1994.

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Convicted of 33 murders, John Wayne Gacy Jr. was sentenced to
death
on March 13, 1980, for 12 of those killings. He spent 14 years
on
death row before he was executed by lethal injection at Stateville Correctional Center on this day in 1994.  

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Gacy during a TV interview in 1992.

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Bono (Paul David Hewson) is 58 today. Born in Dublin, Ireland.


Bono is best known as the lead vocalist and primary lyricist of
rock band U2
which earned over 20 Grammy Awards and has sold of 150 million records.

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PAST WORLD NEWS

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SANDY KOZEL

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On this day in 1974, President Nixon announced that he would
resign the following day.

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rob

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It was on this day in 1942.

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Dustin Lee Hoffman is 80 years old today.

Famous method actor Dustin Hoffman won the Academy Award for Best
Actor for Kramer vs. Kramer in 1979 and Rain Man in 1988. He had his
breakthrough role as Benjamin Braddock in the 1967 classic The Graduate.

He began his acting career at the Pasadena Playhouse with his roommate
and fellow actor Gene Hackman. 

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1969

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1982

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