Archive for the 'Russia' Category

NOVEL PUBLISHED IN THE U.S. ON THIS DAY

Doctor Zhivago first edition Pantheon 1958 image 1

Boris Pasternak’s romantic novel, Doctor Zhivago is published
in the United States on September 5, 1958. The book was banned
in the
Soviet Union, but still won the Nobel Prize for Literature in
1958.

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Boris Leonidovich Pasternak
(29 January] 1890 – 30 May 1960)

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SPY PLANE SHOT DOWN BY RUSSIA IN 1990

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The wreckage of Francis Gary Powers’ U-2 spy plane
(top/bottom) on May 1, 1960.

An American U-2 spy plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers was
shot down while conducting espionage over the
Soviet Union.

The incident derailed an important summit meeting between
President
Dwight D. Eisenhower
and Soviet leader Nikita
Khrushchev
that was scheduled for later that month.   
     

    
    
    
 

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After being shot down, Powers (right) appeared in the dock
of the Supreme Court of the U.S.S.R. and was tried by the
Soviet Military Board on August 19, 1960.

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Francis Gary Powers holds a model of a U-2 spy plane as he testifies before the U.S.  Senate Armed Services Committee
after his release from Soviet prison in march 1962.

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Francis Gary Powers (August 17, 1929 – August 1, 1977)


Powers was piloting a helicopter for Los Angeles TV station
KNBC Channel 4 over the San Fernando Valley on August 1,
1977, when the aircraft crashed, killing him and his cameraman
George Spears.

posted by Bob Karm in AIRCRAFT,ANNIVERSARY,Aviation disaster,Aviator,CIA,HISTORY,POLITICAL,Russia,Spy and have No Comments

CZAR ASSASSINATED ON THIS DAY IN 1881

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Czar Alexander II, the ruler of Russia since 1855, was killed in the
streets of St. Petersburg by a bomb thrown by a member of the revolutionary “People’s Will” group. The People’s Will, organized
in 1879, employed terrorism and assassination in their attempt to overthrow Russia’s czarist autocracy. They murdered officials
and made several attempts on the czar’s life before finally
assassinating him on March 13, 1881.

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posted by Bob Karm in ANNIVERSARY,Assassination,DEATH,HISTORY,Revolution,Russia and have No Comments

THE SURRENDER AT PORT ARTHUR IN 1905

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During the Russo-Japanese War, Port Arthur, the Russian naval
base in China, fell to Japanese naval forces under Admiral
Heihachiro Togo. It was the first in a series of defeats that by
June turned the tide of the imperial conflict irrevocably against
Russia.

In February 1904, following a Russian rejection of a Japanese plan
to divide Manchuria and Korea into spheres of influence, Japan
launched a surprise naval attack on Port Arthur, decimating the
Russian fleet. In the subsequent fighting, Japan won a series of
decisive victories over the Russians, who underestimated the
military potential of its non-Western opponent.

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Surrender of the Russian defenders to the Japanese after the Siege of Port Arthur, Russo-Japanese War.

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SOVIETS EXPLODE NUCLEAR DIVICE IN 1949

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In a surprisingly low-key and carefully worded statement, President
Harry S. Truman (above) informed the American people that the
Soviets exploded a nuclear bomb. The Soviet accomplishment,
years ahead of what was thought possible by most U.S. officials,
caused a panic in the American government. 

The United States developed the atomic bomb during the latter
stages of
World War II and dropped two bombs on Japan in August
1945.


 

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posted by Bob Karm in ANNIVERSARY,Atomic,Bomb,Explosion,HISTORY,NEWSPAPER,President,Russia and have No Comments