Archive for the 'Soviet Union' Category

DETENTE ENDED ON THIS DAY IN 1980

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
U.S. Pres. Jimmy Carter (seated left) and Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev signing the SALT II treaty in Vienna, June 18,
1979.


On January 2, 1980, in a strong reaction to the December 1979 Soviet
invasion of Afghanistan, President
Jimmy Carter asks the Senate to
postpone action on the SALT II nuclear weapons treaty and recalls
the U.S. ambassador to Moscow. These actions sent a message that
the age of détente and the friendlier diplomatic and economic relations
that were established between the United States and
Soviet Union
during President
Richard Nixon’s administration (1969-74) had ended.

Carter feared that the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, in which an
estimated 30,000 combat troops entered that nation and established
a puppet government, would threaten the stability of neighboring 
strategic countries such as Iran and Pakistan and could lead to the
USSR gaining control over much of the world’s oil supplies. The
Soviet actions were labeled “a serious threat to peace” by the
White House.

U. S. President Jimmy Carter and Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev shake hands after signing the SALT II Treaty in Vienna. (Getty)
President Jimmy Carter and Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev shake hands after signing the SALT II Treaty.


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HISTORY WAS MADE ON THIS DAY

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Ross-ap-3
ROSS SIMPSON

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Charles Robert Darwin ( February 12, 1809 – April 19, 1832)

On this day in 1831, English naturlist Charles Darwin set out on a
voyage to the Pacific aboard the HMS Beagle. His discoveries
during the voyage helped him form the basis of his theories on
evolution.


HMS Beagle, a 10-gun, Cherokee-class brig sloop of the Royal
Navy’s survey service, sets sail from Plymouth, England on its
second voyage as a survey vessel. On board, at the invitation
of Beagle captain Robert FitzRoy, is a young biologist called
Charles Darwin.

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HISTORY WAS MADE ON THIS DAY

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Tim maguire
TIM MAGUIRE

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Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev speaking at the UN Assembly in 1960.

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JOINT MISSION TO THE MOON SUGGESTED

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President John F. Kennedy addresses the United Nations General Assembly in New York on Sept. 20, 1963. Kennedy spoke for what
would be his last address to that body.

An optimistic and upbeat President John F. Kennedy suggests that the
Soviet Union and the United States cooperate on a mission to mount an
expedition to the moon. The proposal caught both the Soviets and many
Americans off guard.

In 1961, shortly after his election as president, John F. Kennedy announced
that he was determined to win the “space race” with the Soviets. Since 1957,
when the Soviet Union sent a small satellite–Sputnik–into orbit around the
earth, Russian and and American scientists had been competing to see who
could make the next breakthrough in space travel.


President Kennedy closed his speech by urging, “Let us do the big things together.”

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ROMANIA CAPTURED BY THE SOVIET UNION

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“An army of Romanian civilians, men and women, both young and
old (above) dig anti-tank ditches in a border area, on June 22, 1944,
in readiness to repel Soviet armies.” (AP)
   

On August 22, 1944, Soviet forces break through to Jassy, in northeastern 
Romania, convincing Romania’s king to sign an armistice with the Allies  
and concede control of his country to the USSR.

    

     

 Soviet tanks occupy Bucharest in august 1944. The occupation was to last for more than a decade.
Soviet tanks occupy Bucharest.

  
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            The Romanian Communist Party

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