Artie Shaw (Arthur Jacob Arshawsky) (May 23, 1910 – December 30, 2004)
Shaw was a clarinetist, composer, and bandleader. He was also a author who wrote both fiction and non-fiction short stories. Shaw had long been suffering from diabetes.
Shaw led one of the most popular big bands in the late 1930s through the early 1940s. Their signature song, a 1938 version of Cole Porter‘s "Begin the Beguine", was a wildly successful single. He retired from the music business in 1954.