Archive for the 'Discovery' Category


A California woman found a 4.38-carat yellow diamond at Crater of Diamonds State Park (Photo: Crater of Diamonds State Park)


KATV) – A California woman found a 4.38-carat
yellow diamond at Crater of Diamonds State Park.

According to a release from the park, Noreen Wredberg, of Granite
Bay, California, said she found the diamond sitting on top of the
ground within an hour of searching.

Wredberg said that she and her husband, Michael, arrived at the
Arkansas state park on Thursday. She said she started to search
in a shaded area near the mine entrance, but her husband
suggested they venture farther out.

His suggestion paid off, because about 40 minutes later as she
was walking just north of a central pathway in the search area,
she spotted the sparkling gem on top of the ground.


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Noreen Wredberg

posted by Bob Karm in CURRENT EVENTS,Diamond,Discovery,HISTORY,Jewelry and have No Comments


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Sir Alexander Fleming  (August 6, 1881 – March 11, 1955)

Sir Alexander Fleming (above) was a young bacteriologist when
an accidental discovery led to one of the great developments
of modern medicine on September 28, 1928. Having left a plate
of staphylococcus bacteria uncovered, Fleming noticed that
a mold that had fallen on the culture had killed many of the
bacteria. He identified the mold as penicillium notatum,
similar to the kind found on bread.

In 1929, Fleming introduced his mold by-product called
penicillin to cure bacterial infections.


See the source image

posted by Bob Karm in ANNIVERSARY,Discovery,Disease,HISTORY,Medical,Medicine and have No Comments


A prehistoric projectile point and another prehistoric object known as a plummet were discovered in the stomach of a 13-foot, 5-inch Mississippi alligator.

(FoxNews) – A Mississippi wildlife processor made a startling
discovery when he found that an
alligator was carrying around
a 6,000-year-old
artifact (above) in its stomach.

Shane Smith, a processor and owner of Red Antler Processing,
took a look at the 13-foot alligator’s stomach after hearing
about a processor in South Carolina who discovered unusual
items in another gator. What he found blew him away: an
arrowhead and a plummet.

Smith first thought that the alligator could have eaten an arrow
that someone shot at it, but the plummet helped him realize that
it was likely something just laying around that the gator ate u. A Mississippi state geologist examined a photo of the arrowhead
and determined it was between 5,000 and 6,000 years old.

(From left) Jordan Hackl of Warrensburg, Illinois, John Hamilton of Raleigh, Todd Hollingsworth and Landon Hollingsworth, both of Mize, pose with an alligator they caught In Mississippi September 2, 2021. Artifacts dating as far back as an estimated 6000 BC were found in the alligator's stomach.
The 750-pound alligator that had the years old items found
in its stomach.

posted by Bob Karm in Allitator,Artifact,CURRENT EVENTS,Discovery,HISTORY,Wildlife and have No Comments


Rough cullinan diamond.jpg

On January 25, 1905, at the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa, a 3,106-
carat diamond was discovered during a routine inspection by the mine’s superintendent. Weighing 1.33 pounds, and christened the “Cullinan,” it
was the largest rough diamond ever found.

Frederick Wells was 18 feet below the earth’s surface when he spotted a
flash of starlight embedded in the wall just above him. His discovery was
presented that same afternoon to Sir Thomas Cullinan, who owned the
mine. Cullinan then sold the diamond to the Transvaal provincial
government, which presented the stone to Britain’s King Edward VII as
a birthday gift. Worried that the diamond might be stolen in transit from
Africa to London, Edward arranged to send a phony diamond aboard a
steamer ship loaded with detectives as a diversionary tactic. While the
decoy slowly made its way from Africa on the ship, the Cullinan was
sent to England in a plain box.

Image result for world's largest diamond found on this day in 1905
A photograph of the Cullinan Diamond being held by Frederick
Wells, who discovered it.

posted by Bob Karm in ANNIVERSARY,Diamond,Discovery,HISTORY,Jewelry and have No Comments


Image result for magellan reaches the pacific
Ferdinand Magellan (1480 – April 27, 1521) 

After sailing through the dangerous straits below South America that now
bear his name, Portuguese navigator
Ferdinand Magellan entered  the Pacific Ocean with three ships, becoming the first European explorer to reach the
Pacific from the Atlantic.

On September 20, 1519, Magellan set sail from Spain in an effort to find a
western sea route to the rich Spice Islands of Indonesia. In command of
five ships and 270 men, Magellan sailed to West Africa and then to Brazil,
where he searched the South American coast for a strait that would take
him to the Pacific.

He searched the Rio de la Plata, a large estuary south of Brazil, for a way
through; failing, he continued south along the coast of Patagonia. At the
end of March 1520, the expedition set up winter quarters at Port St. Julian.

On Easter day at midnight, the Spanish captains mutinied against their
Portuguese captain, but Magellan crushed the revolt, executing one of the
captains and leaving another ashore when his ship left St. Julian in August.

On October 21, he finally discovered the strait he had been seeking. The
Strait of Magellan, as it became known, is located near the tip of South
America, separating Tierra del Fuego and the continental mainland. Only
three ships entered the passage; one had been wrecked and another
deserted. It took 38 days to navigate the treacherous strait, and when
ocean was sighted at the other end Magellan wept with joy.

pianting of Magellan's fleet , ships at sea (Getty Images/Hulton Archive)

posted by Bob Karm in ANNIVERSARY,Discovery,Expedition,Explorer,HISTORY and have No Comments