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HISTORY WAS MADE ON THIS DAY

today in history

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SANDY KOZEL

Apollo 13- "Houston, we've had a problem" - YouTube
On this day in 1970, an oxygen tank exploded on Apollo 13,
preventing a planned moon landing.

APRIL 13, 1970 – Story Behind Famous Movie Quote 'Houston, We Have ...

               Apollo 13 Flight Journal - Day 6, part 8: The Blackout, Splashdown ...
                                           

This Day in Quotes: “Houston, we have a problem” — but “failure is ...

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ORGANIZATION FOUNDED ON THIS DAY IN 1909

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On February 12, 1909, the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s birth, 
a group that included African American leaders such as W.E.B. Du Bois 
and Ida B. Wells-Barnett announced the formation of a new organization 
Called the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
it would have a profound effect on the struggle for civil rights and the
course of 20th Century American history. The conference that led to
the NAACP’s founding had been called in response to a race riot in
Illinois.

naacp-founders

A silent march in New York to protest the police treatment of blacks during riots in East St. Louis in 1917. They marched dow
A silent march in New York to protest the police treatment of blacks during riots in East St. Louis in 1917. They marched down Fifth
Avenue on that summer Saturday without saying a word.
 

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FREED SLAVES JOURNEY TO AFRICA IN 1820

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The first organized immigration of freed slaves to Africa from the
United States departs New York harbor on a journey to Freetown,
Sierra Leone, in West Africa.

The first organized immigration of freed slaves to Africa from the United
States departed
New York harbor on a journey to Freetown, Sierra Leone,
in West Africa. The immigration was largely the work of the American
Colonization Society, a U.S. organization founded in 1816 by Robert
Finley to return freed American slaves to Africa. However, the expedition
was also partially funded by the U.S. Congress, which in 1819 had
appropriated $100,000 to be used in returning displaced Africans,
illegally brought to the United States after the abolishment of the slave
trade in 1808, to Africa.

The program was modeled after British’s efforts to resettle freed slaves
in Africa following England’s abolishment of the slave trade in 1772.

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Robert Finley (1772 – October 3, 1817)

Robert Finley was an American clergyman
and educator from New Jersey.

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ACTIVIST WAS BORN ON THIS DAY IN 1929

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Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968)

On January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King, Jr. is born in Atlanta, Georgia,
the
son of a Baptist minister. King received a doctorate degree in theology
and in 1955 helped organized the first protest of the African-American civil
rights movement: the successful
Montgomery Bus Boycott. Influenced by Mohandas Gandhi, he advocated civil disobedience and nonviolent
resistance to segregation in the South. The peaceful protests he led
throughout the American South were often met with violence, but King
and his followers persisted, and the movement gained momentum.

A powerful orator, King appealed to Christian and American ideals and
won growing support from the federal government and Northern whites.

In 1963, Bayard Rustin and A. Philip Randolph led the massive March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom; the event’s grand finale was King’s 
famous
“I Have a Dream” speech. Two hundred and fifty thousand people
gathered outside the Lincoln Memorial to hear the stirring speech.
 

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HISTORY WAS MADE ON THIS DAY

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          ROSS SIMPSON
   

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Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio were married on this day in
1954. The marriage only lasted nine months.

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