Archive for the 'African American' Category

ACTIVIST WAS BORN ON THIS DAY IN 1929

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Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968)

On January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King, Jr. is born in Atlanta, Georgia,
the
son of a Baptist minister. King received a doctorate degree in theology
and in 1955 helped organized the first protest of the African-American civil
rights movement: the successful
Montgomery Bus Boycott. Influenced by Mohandas Gandhi, he advocated civil disobedience and nonviolent
resistance to segregation in the South. The peaceful protests he led
throughout the American South were often met with violence, but King
and his followers persisted, and the movement gained momentum.

A powerful orator, King appealed to Christian and American ideals and
won growing support from the federal government and Northern whites.

In 1963, Bayard Rustin and A. Philip Randolph led the massive March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom; the event’s grand finale was King’s 
famous
“I Have a Dream” speech. Two hundred and fifty thousand people
gathered outside the Lincoln Memorial to hear the stirring speech.
 

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posted by Bob Karm in Activist,African American,BIRTHDAY,Civi Rights,HISTORY,Leaders and have No Comments

HISTORY WAS MADE ON THIS DAY

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          ROSS SIMPSON
   

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Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio were married on this day in
1954. The marriage only lasted nine months.

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NATIONS FIRST BLACK GOVERNOR

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Lawrence Douglas Wilder will be 89 on January 17.           

Douglas Wilder, the first African American to be elected
governor of an American state, took office as Governor
of Virginia on January 13, 1990.He broke a number of
color barriers in Virginia politics and remains an enduring
and controversial figure in the state’s political scene.

Born in 1931 in Church Hill, a poor and segregated
neighborhood of Richmond, Wilder is the grandson of
slaves and is named for
Frederick Douglass. He grew
up in the
Jim Crow era, graduating from Richmond’s
Virginia Union University in 1951. Wilder fought in the
Korean War, earning the Bronze Star, before studying
law at Howard University and returning to Richmond to
practice.

Wilder entered politics by way of a special election to the
State Senate in 1969, becoming the state’s first African
American state senator since
Reconstruction.

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posted by Bob Karm in African American,ANNIVERSARY,Governor,HISTORY and have No Comments

RIGHT TO VOTE GAINED ON THIS DAY IN 1867

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This 1867 drawing by Alfred Waud, “The First Vote,” depicts Black
men waiting in line to cast ballots in Southern states.


On January 8, 1867, African American men gained the right to vote in the
District of Columbia despite the veto of
President Andrew Johnson. The
Republican-controlled senate overrode Johnson by a vote of 29-10
three years before a constitutional amendment granted the right to
vote to all men regardless of race.

As evidenced by his veto, Johnson valued reconciliation with the former Confederacy over racial equality and also opposed the Fourteenth
Amendment
, which made freed slaves citizens. His opposition to 
the Republicans’ views on Reconstruction would define his presidency 
and lead to his becoming the first president ever to be impeached.

Though Johnson was unable to stop Congress from granting voting 
rights to the African Americans of D.C., he spent much of his term in 
office vetoing the bills of the so-called Radical Reconstructionist.  

 

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Andrew Johnson (1808-1875)

Johnson was the 17th U.S. president,
assumed office after the assassination
of Abraham Lincoln.

   
            
      
     


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HISTORY WAS MADE ON THIS DAY

todayinhistory

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ED DANAHUE

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On this day in 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress in Montgomery,
AL, refused to give up her seat to a white man. Mrs. Parks was
arrested marking a milestone in the civil rights movement in the
U.S.      
      
      
    
  
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The Cleveland Avenue bus Rosa Parks was riding when she was arrested.
(Henry Ford Museum)

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Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005)

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