Archive for the 'Civil war' Category

FUTURE PRESIDENT BORN ON THIS DAY IN 1822

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Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885)

Ulysses S. Grant, Civil War leader and 18th president of the United 
States, was born on April 27, 1822.

The son of a tanner, Grant showed little enthusiasm for joining his 
father’s business, so the elder Grant enrolled his son at West Point
in 1839. Though Grant later admitted in his memoirs the he had no interest in the military apart from honing his equestrian skills, he
graduated in 1843 and went on to serve in the
Mexican-American
War
, though he opposed it on moral grounds. He then left his 
beloved wife and children again to fulfill a tour of duty in
California
and
Oregon.

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FINAL CAMPAIGN OF THE CIVIL WAR BEGAN

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This April 1865 image provided by the Library of Congress
shows Federal troops in front of the Appomattox Court
House near the time of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s surrender to Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, in Appomattox,
VA. (AP Photo/Library of Congress)

On March 29, 1865, the final campaign of the Civil War began in
Virginia when Union troops under General Ulysses S. Grant
moved against the Confederate trenches around Petersburg.
General
Robert E. Lee
’s outnumbered Rebels were soon forced
to
evacuate the city and begin a desperate race west.

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Gen. Robert E. Lee’s surrender (left) to Union Lt. Gen.
Ulysses S. Grant.

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posted by Bob Karm in ANNIVERSARY,Battle,Campaign,Civil war,HISTORY,MILITARY,Surrender and have No Comments

FIRST BLACK CONGRESSMAN ON THIS DAY

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Hiram Rhodes Revels (September 27, 1827 – January 16, 1901)

Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Republican from Natchez, Mississippi, 
was sworn into the
U.S. Senate on February 25, 1870, becoming
the first African American ever to sit in Congress.

During the Civil War, Revels, a college-educated minister, helped
form African American army regiments for the Union cause,
started a school for freed men, and served as a chaplain for the
Union army.

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Drawing of Revels being sworn in.

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HISTORY WAS MADE ON THIS DAY IN 1863

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President Lincoln signing the Emancipation Proclamation.

On January 1, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation. Attempting to stitch together a nation mired in
a bloody
civil war, Abraham Lincoln made a last-ditch, but
carefully calculated, decision regarding the institution of
slavery in America.

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posted by Bob Karm in Civil war,Emancipation,HISTORY,POLITICAL,President,Proclamation,Slavery and have No Comments

SPEECH DELIVERED ON THIS DAY IN 1863

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On November 19, 1863, at the dedication of a military cemetery
at Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania, during the American Civil War,
President
Abraham Lincoln delivered one of the most memorable speeches in American history. In fewer than 275 words, Lincoln
brilliantly and movingly reminded a war-weary public why the
Union had to fight, and win, the Civil War. Lincoln’s address
lasted just two or three minutes.

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Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation,
or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We
are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate
a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here
gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting
and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate—we can not consecrate—
we can not hallow—this ground. The brave men, living and dead,
who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power
to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what
we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us
the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which
they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather
for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—
that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that
cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that
we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—
that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and
that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall
not perish from the earth.

Abraham Lincoln

November 19, 1863.

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posted by Bob Karm in Address,ANNIVERSARY,Civil war,Dedication,HISTORY,MILITARY,President,Speech and have No Comments